Saturday, 21 May 2016

Whit Saturday: St Luke 4:38-44

St Luke 4:

38 Surgens autem Jesus de synagoga, introivit in domum Simonis. Socrus autem Simonis tenebatur magnis febribus: et rogaverunt illum pro ea. 39 Et stans super illam imperavit febri: et dimisit illam. Et continuo surgens, ministrabat illis. 40 Cum autem sol occidisset, omnes qui habebant infirmos variis languoribus, ducebant illos ad eum. At ille singulis manus imponens, curabat eos. 41 Exibant autem dæmonia a multis clamantia, et dicentia: Quia tu es Filius Dei: et increpans non sinebat ea loqui: quia sciebant ipsum esse Christum. 42 Facta autem die egressus ibat in desertum locum, et turbæ requirebant eum, et venerunt usque ad ipsum: et detinebant illum ne discederet ab eis. 43 Quibus ille ait: Quia et aliis civitatibus oportet me evangelizare regnum Dei: quia ideo missus sum. 44 Et erat prædicans in synagogis Galilææ.

[38] And Jesus rising up out of the synagogue, went into Simon' s house. And Simon' s wife's mother was taken with a great fever, and they besought him for her. [39] And standing over her, he commanded the fever, and it left her. And immediately rising, she ministered to them. [40] And when the sun was down, all they that had any sick with divers diseases, brought them to him. But he laying his hands on every one of them, healed them. [41] And devils went out from many, crying out and saying: Thou art the Son of God. And rebuking them he suffered them not to speak, for they knew that he was Christ. [42] And when it was day, going out he went into a desert place, and the multitudes sought him, and came unto him: and they stayed him that he should not depart from them. [43] To whom he said: To other cities also I must preach the kingdom of God: for therefore am I sent. [44] And he was preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.

Matins readings (from St Ambrose)

Reading 1: Behold here how long-suffering is the Lord our Redeemer Neither moved to anger against them, nor sickened at their guilt, nor outraged by their attacks, did He leave the Jews' country. Nay, forgetting their iniquity, and mindful only of His mercy, He strove to soften their hard and unbelieving hearts, sometimes by His teaching, and sometimes by freeing some of them, and sometimes by healing them. St Luke doth well to tell us first of the man who was delivered from an unclean spirit, and then of the healing of a woman. The Lord indeed came to heal both sexes, but that must be healed first which was created first, and then must not she be passed by whose first sin arose rather from fickleness of heart than from depraved will.

R. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak, as the Holy Ghost gave them utterance
* And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.
V. The Apostle spake in divers tongues the wonderful works of God.
R. And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.

Reading 2: That the Lord began to heal on the Sabbath-day showeth in a figure how that the new creation beginneth where the old creation ended. It showeth, moreover, that the Son of God, Who is come not to destroy the law but to fulfil the law, is not under the law, but above the law. Neither was it by the law, but by the Word, that the world was created, as it is written "By the Word of the Lord were the heavens made." The law, then, is not destroyed, but fulfilled, in the Redemption of fallen man. Whence also the Apostle saith: "Put off, concerning the former conversation, the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts and be renewed in the spirit of your mind and put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness." 

R. Henceforth I call you not servants, but I have called you My friends because ye have known all things, whatsoever I have done among you. Alleluia.
* Receive ye the Holy Ghost, Who is your Comforter within you the Same is He Whom the Father will send unto you. Alleluia.
V. Ye are My friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you.
R. Receive ye the Holy Ghost Who is your Comforter within you the Same is He Whom the Father will send unto you. Alleluia.

Reading 3: It was well that He began to heal on the Sabbath, that He might show Himself to be the Creator, weaving in one with another of His works, and continuing that which He had already begun, even as a workman, being to repair an house, beginneth not to take down that which is old from the foundations, but from the roof. Thus doth the Lord begin to lay to His hand again, in that place whence last He hath lifted it then He beginneth with things lesser, that He may go on to things greater. Even men are able to deliver other men from evil spirits, albeit with the word of God to command the dead to rise again is for God's power alone. Perchance, also, this woman, the mother-in-law of Simon and Andrew, was a type of our nature, stricken down with the great fever of sin, and burning with unlawful lusts after divers objects. Nor would I say that the passion which rageth in the mind is a lesser fire than that fever which burneth the body. Covetousness, and lust, and uncleanness, and vain desires, and strivings, and anger these be our fevers.

R. Go ye into the whole world and preach the Gospel, alleluia:
* He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, alleluia,alleluia, alleluia.
V. In my name shallt hey cast out devils; they shall speak with tongues" they shall take up serpents.
R. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, alleluia,alleluia, alleluia.
V. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost.
R. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, alleluia,alleluia, alleluia.

Friday, 20 May 2016

Whit Friday: St Luke 5:17-26

St Luke 5:17-26:

17 Et factum est in una dierum, et ipse sedebat docens. Et erant pharisæi sedentes, et legis doctores, qui venerant ex omni castello Galilææ, et Judææ, et Jerusalem: et virtus Domini erat ad sanandum eos. 18 Et ecce viri portantes in lecto hominem, qui erat paralyticus: et quærebant eum inferre, et ponere ante eum. 19 Et non invenientes qua parte illum inferrent præ turba, ascenderunt supra tectum, et per tegulas summiserunt eum cum lecto in medium ante Jesum. 20 Quorum fidem ut vidit, dixit: Homo, remittuntur tibi peccata tua. 21 Et cœperunt cogitare scribæ et pharisæi, dicentes: Quis est hic, qui loquitur blasphemias? quis potest dimittere peccata, nisi solus Deus? 22 Ut cognovit autem Jesus cogitationes eorum, respondens, dixit ad illos: Quid cogitatis in cordibus vestris? 23 Quid est facilius dicere: Dimittuntur tibi peccata: an dicere: Surge, et ambula? 24 Ut autem sciatis quia Filius hominis habet potestatem in terra dimittendi peccata, (ait paralytico) tibi dico, surge, tolle lectum tuum, et vade in domum tuam. 25 Et confestim consurgens coram illis, tulit lectum in quo jacebat: et abiit in domum suam, magnificans Deum. 26 Et stupor apprehendit omnes, et magnificabant Deum. Et repleti sunt timore, dicentes: Quia vidimus mirabilia hodie.

And it came to pass on a certain day, as he sat teaching, that there were also Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, that were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judea and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was to heal them. [18] And behold, men brought in a bed a man, who had the palsy: and they sought means to bring him in, and to lay him before him. [19] And when they could not find by what way they might bring him in, because of the multitude, they went up upon the roof, and let him down through the tiles with his bed into the midst before Jesus. [20] Whose faith when he saw, he said: Man, thy sins are forgiven thee.[21] And the scribes and Pharisees began to think, saying: Who is this who speaketh blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone? [22] And when Jesus knew their thoughts, answering, he said to them: What is it you think in your hearts? [23] Which is easier to say, Thy sins are forgiven thee; or to say, Arise and walk? [24] But that you may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,) I say to thee, Arise, take up thy bed, and go into thy house. [25] And immediately rising up before them, he took up the bed on which he lay; and he went away to his own house, glorifying God. [26] And all were astonished; and they glorified God. And they were filled with fear, saying: We have seen wonderful things today.

Matins readings (from St Ambrose)

Reading 1: And, behold, men brought in a bed a man which was taken with a palsy." The healing of this paralytic was not idle, nor its fruits limited to himself. The Lord healed him, or ever he could ask, not because of the entreaties of others, but for example's sake. He gave a pattern to be followed, and sought not the intercession of prayer. In the presence of the Pharisees and doctors of the law, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem, many sick folk were healed, but among them is specially described the healing of this paralytic. First of all, as we have before said, every sick man ought to engage his friends to offer up prayers for his recovery, that so the tottering framework of this our life, and the distorted feet of our works, may be righted by the healing power of the word from heaven.

R. Ye have not chosen Me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you
* That ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain. Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. As My Father hath sent Me, even so send I you.

R. That ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain. Alleluia, Alleluia.

Reading 2: Here ought therefore to be advisers, who should rouse up the minds of the sick to higher things, since when the body becometh languid with sickness, the mind is apt to follow its example. With the help of such friends he can be brought and laid on the ground before the Feet of Jesus, and seem worthy of a glance from the Lord for the Lord looketh upon such as lie lowly before Him, "for He hath regarded the lowliness of His handmaiden " Luke ii. 48. " And when He saw their faith, He said unto him Man, thy sins are forgiven thee." Great is the Lord, Who, for the sake of some, forgiveth the sins of others Who trieth some, and pardoneth the wanderings of others. Why should thine equal, O man, avail not with thee, if a slave have won power to intercede, and right to obtain, with God

. The Spirit of the Lord filleth the world,
* And That Which containeth all things hath knowledge of the voice. Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. For [Wisdom] is the worker of all things, having all power, overseeing all things.
R. And That Which containeth all things hath knowledge of the voice. Alleluia, Alleluia.

Reading 3: O Thou that judgest, learn to forgive thou that art sick, to pray. If thou doubt of the pardon of thy sins, because of their grievousness, get thee to the Church, that she may pray for thee, and that the Lord, accepting her countenance, may grant to her petitions what He refuses to thine. And although we are bound to accept this history as one of fact, and to believe that the body of the paralytic was healed yet remember thou also his inward cure, unto whom his sins were forgiven. The Jews said: "Who can forgive sins but God alone " And in these words they confessed the Godhead of Him Who forgave the sins of the paralytic, and themselves condemned their own unbelief in Him Whose work they acknowledged, but Whose Person they denied.

R. The Apostles did speak with other tongues the wonderful works of God,* As the Spirit gave them utterance, alleluia.
V. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak.

R. As the Spirit gave them utterance, alleluia.

Thursday, 19 May 2016

Whit Thursday: St Luke 9:1-6

St Luke 9:1-6:

Convocatis autem duodecim Apostolis, dedit illis virtutem et potestatem super omnia dæmonia, et ut languores curarent. 2 Et misit illos prædicare regnum Dei, et sanare infirmos. 3 Et ait ad illos: Nihil tuleritis in via, neque virgam, neque peram, neque panem, neque pecuniam, neque duas tunicas habeatis. 4 Et in quamcumque domum intraveritis, ibi manete, et inde ne exeatis. 5 Et quicumque non receperint vos: exeuntes de civitate illa, etiam pulverem pedum vestrorum excutite in testimonium supra illos. 6 Egressi autem circuibant per castella evangelizantes, et curantes ubique.

Then calling together the twelve apostles, he gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases. [2] And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick. [3] And he said to them: Take nothing for your journey; neither staff, nor scrip, nor bread, nor money; neither have two coats. [4] And whatsoever house you shall enter into, abide there, and depart not from thence. [5] And whosoever will not receive you, when ye go out of that city, shake off even the dust of your feet, for a testimony against them. [6] And going out, they went about through the towns, preaching the gospel, and healing everywhere.

Matins readings (from St Ambrose)

Reading 1: We learn from the commandments of the Gospel what manner of men they ought to be who preach the glad tidings of the kingdom of God "Take nothing for your journey neither staves nor scrip, neither bread neither money." Thus let the Apostle destitute of earthly help, and panoplies in faith, deem himself able to do all the more, as he needeth all the less Such as please may also put upon these words a spiritual interpretation in that a man may be said to lay as the encumbrances of the body, not only by abdicating power, and casting away riches, but also by denying the very body itself its pleasures. The first general commandment given to the Apostles touching their manners was to be bringers of peace, and to be no gadders about, but keepers of the laws of guests. To wander from house to house, and to abuse the rights of hospitality, are things alien to a preacher of the kingdom of heaven.

R. The fire of God fell, not to burn them, but to enlighten them not to devour them, but to illuminate them and found the hearts of the disciples clean vessels.
* And He gave them gifts of His grace. Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. He found them one in love, and the out-poured grace of the Godhead shone through them.
R. And He gave them gifts of His grace. Alleluia, Alleluia.

Reading 2: But as the kindness of hospitality is to be met with courtesy, so also is it said " Whosoever will not receive you, when ye go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet, for a testimony against them." Hereby is it taught that hospitality doth meet with a good reward, since not only do we bring peace to such as receive us, but also, if they be shadowed by some earthly vanities, these defects are taken away, where enter the feet of them that bear the glad tidings of Apostolic preachment. It is well written "Into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, inquire who in it is worthy and there abide till ye go thence" thus avoiding any possible need of going from house to house. But no such selection is commanded to him that giveth hospitality, lest his hospitality itself should be lessened, while he picketh his guests.

R. The Holy Ghost filled all the house where the Apostles were and there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
* And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak in divers tongues as the Holy Spirit gave them utterance. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. When the disciples were all with one accord in one place, for fear of the Jews, suddenly there came a sound from heaven upon them.
R. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak in divers tongues as the Holy Spirit gave them utterance. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia.

Reading 3: This passage, taken according to the plain meaning, is a sacred commandment touching the religious duty of hospitality, but its heavenly words likewise hint at a mystery. When the house is chosen, it is asked if the master thereof be worthy. Let us see if this be not perchance a figure of the Church, and her Master, Christ. What worthier house can the Apostolic preacher enter, than the Holy Church? Or what host is more to be preferred before all others, than Christ, Whose use it is to wash the feet of His guests yea, Who suffereth not that any whom He receiveth into His house should dwell there with foul feet, but, defiled as they are by their former wanderings, doth vouchsafe to change them into new and clean livers. He Alone is He, from Whose house no man ought ever to go forth, nor change His roof for any other shelter, for unto Him it is well said " Lord, to whom shall we go Thou hast the words of eternal life, and we believe."

R. There appeared  unto the Apostles cloven tongues like as of fire, alleluia:
* And the Holy Ghost rested upon each one of them, alleluia, alleluia.
V. And they began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

R. And the Holy Ghost rested upon each one of them, alleluia, alleluia.

Wednesday, 18 May 2016

Whit Wednesday: St John 6:44-52

Today's Gospel is St John 6:44-52:

44 nemo potest venire ad me, nisi Pater, qui misit me, traxerit eum; et ego resuscitabo eum in novissimo die. 45 Est scriptum in prophetis: Et erunt omnes docibiles Dei. Omnis qui audivit a Patre, et didicit, venit ad me. 46 Non quia Patrem vidit quisquam, nisi is, qui est a Deo, hic vidit Patrem. 47 Amen, amen dico vobis: qui credit in me, habet vitam æternam. 48 Ego sum panis vitæ. 49 Patres vestri manducaverunt manna in deserto, et mortui sunt. 50 Hic est panis de cælo descendens: ut si quis ex ipso manducaverit, non moriatur. 51 Ego sum panis vivus, qui de cælo descendi. Si quis manducaverit ex hoc pane, vivet in æternum: et panis quem ego dabo, caro mea est pro mundi vita.

 [44] No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day. [45] It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me. [46] Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father. [47] Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life. [48] I am the bread of life. [49] Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead. [50] This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
[51] I am the living bread which came down from heaven. [52] If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.

Matins readings (from St Augustine)

Reading 1: Think not that thou art drawn against thy will the soul is drawn, not willingly only, but lovingly. Neither must we be afraid lest men who are great weighers of words, and very far from understanding the things of God, should catch us up upon this Gospel doctrine of the Holy Scriptures, and should say to us How can my faith be willing if am drawn I answer Thou art not drawn as touching thy will, but by pleasure. And, now, what is being drawn by pleasure Delight thyself in the Lord, and He shall give thee the desires of thine heart. Ps. xxxvi. 4. There is pleasure in that heart to which the Bread That came down from heaven is sweet. The poet is allowed to say His special pleasure draweth each, but pleasure, which so draweth, is not a necessity, not a bond, but a delight how much more strongly, may we say that men are drawn to Christ, who delight in truth, who delight in blessed ness, who delight in righteousness, who delight in life everlasting, since truth and blessedness, and righteousness and everlasting life are all to be found in Christ? Or have the bod ily senses pleasure, and the spiritual senses none? If the spiritual sense have no pleasures, wherefore is it written: And the children of men shall put their trust under the shadow of thy wings. They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house, and Thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures. For with thee is the fountain of life, and in thy light shall we see light. 


R. The Lord taught them good judgment and knowledge Alleluia. He established in them the grace of His Spirit
* And filled their hearts with understanding. Alleluia.
V. For with a sudden sound the Holy Ghost came upon them

R. And filled their hearts with understanding. Alleluia.

Reading 2: Give me a lover, and he will catch my meaning give me a longer, give me an hungerer, give me a wanderer in this desert, a thirst and gasping for the fountains of the eternal Fatherland give me such an one, and he will catch my meaning. If I talk to some cold creature, he will not. Such cold creatures were they of whom it is written The Jews then murmured at Him because He said, I am the Bread Which came down from heaven. And they said Is not this Jesus the son of Joseph, whose father and Mother we know How is it then that He saith, I came down from heaven Jesus therefore answered and said unto them Murmur not among yourselves. No man can come to Me, except the Father, Which hath sent Me, draw him. 41-44. But wherefore speaketh Christ of them whom the Father draweth, since He Himself draweth Why was it His will to say No man can come to Me except the Father draw him If we are to be drawn, let us be drawn by Him to Whom one that loved much said Draw me, we will run after the savour of thy good ointments. Cant. i. 4. But let us consider, my brethren, what He meant, and understand it as well as we can. The Father draweth to the Son them who believe in the Son, because they are persuaded that He hath God to His Father. God the Father begetteth to Himself a coequal Son; and whosoever is~ persuaded, and realiseth unto himself by faith, and thinketh, that He in Whom he~ believeth is equal to the Father, him the Father is drawing unto the Son.


R. Go ye unto all the world and preach the Gospel Alleluia.
* He that believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. In My Name shall they cast out devils they shall speak with new tongues they shall take up serpents.

R. He that believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia.

Reading 3: Arius, who believed that the Son was made, was not one of them whom the Father draweth since whosoever believeth not that the Father is a Father by the begetting of a coequal Son, such an one knoweth not the Father. What sayest thou, O Arius What sayest thou, O thou heretic What is thy profession What is Christ He is not, saith Arius, Himself Very God. Then, O Arius, the Father hath not drawn thee thou hast not understood His dignity as a Father, to Whom thou deniest His Son. Thou dost deny the existence of the Son of God, the Father draweth thee not, and thou art not drawn to the Son, since the Son of whom thou speakest is another son, [existing only in thine imagination,] and not the really existent Son. Photinus said Christ is a mere man, and not God at all. He who uttered those words was not one of them whom the Father draweth. But whom hath the Father drawn The Father drew him who said: Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. Matth. xvi. 16, 17. Show a sheep a green bough, and thou drawest him. Let a boy see some nuts, and he is drawn by them. As they run, they are drawn, drawn by taste, drawn without bodily hurt, drawn by a line bound to their heart. If, then, among earthly things, such as be sweet and pleasant draw such as love them, as soon as they see them, so that it is truth to say, His special pleasure draweth each, doth not that Christ, Whom the Father hath revealed, draw What stronger object of love can a soul have than the Truth?



Tuesday, 17 May 2016

Whit Tuesday: St John 10:1-10

In the pre-1962 verson of the Benedictine Office, today had three Nocturns: Nocturn I was Joel 2: 23-32;  Nocturn II was a homily from St John Chrysostom (available at Divinum Officium); the Nocturn III readings are identical to the current readings, below.

Matins readings (from St Augustine)

Reading 1: In the words of the Gospel which are this day read, the Lord has spoken unto us in similitudes, touching His flock, and the Door whereby entry is made into their fold. The Pagans therefore may say, "We have good lives," but if they enter not in the Door, what doth that profit them whereof they make their boast? Good life is profitable to a man if it lead unto life everlasting, but if he does not have life everlasting, what shall his good life profit him? Neither indeed can it be truly said that they live good lives, who are either so blinded as not to know, or so puffed up as to despise, the end of a good life. And no man can have a true and certain hope of life everlasting, unless he know the true Life, Which is Christ, and enter in by that Door into the sheepfold.

R. There appeared unto the Apostles cloven tongues like as of fire, alleluia:* And the Holy Ghost rested upon each one of them, alleluia, alleluia.
V. And they began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
R. And the Holy Ghost rested upon each one of them, alleluia, alleluia.

Reading 2: There are many such, who try to persuade men to live good lives but not to be Christians. These are they who would fain "climb up some other way," "for to kill and to destroy," and are not as the Good Shepherd, Who is come to keep and to save. There have been philosophers who have treated many subtle questions of right and wrong, who have been the authors of many distinctions and definitions, who have completed many exceedingly clever arguments, who have filled many books, and have proclaimed their own wisdom with braying trumpets. These dared to say to men: "Follow us embrace our school of thought, and you will find therein the secret of an happy life." But these were not of them who enter in by the Door they came not but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy.


R. The Apostles did speak with other tongues the wonderful works of God,* As the Spirit gave them utterance, alleluia.
V. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak.
R. As the Spirit gave them utterance, alleluia.

Reading 3: Touching these, what shall I say? Behold, the Pharisees themselves read of Christ, and therefore talked of Christ they looked for His coming, and when He came, they knew Him not. They boasted that they themselves were among the Seers, that is, of the wise ones, and they denied Christ, and entered not in by the Door. Therefore they, if they led away any, led them away only to kill and to destroy, not to free them. So much for them. Now let us see if all they who boast the name of Christian enter in by the Door. Some there are, and their number cannot be reckoned, who not only boast that they themselves are among the Seers, but would fain appear as though their hearts were enlightened by Christ but they are heretics.


R. The Lord taught them good judgment and knowledge Alleluia. He established in them the grace of His Spirit* And filled their hearts with understanding. Alleluia.
V. For with a sudden sound the Holy Ghost came upon them
R. And filled their hearts with understanding. Alleluia.

Today's Gospel is St John 10:1-10:

1 Amen, amen dico vobis: qui non intrat per ostium in ovile ovium, sed ascendit aliunde, ille fur est et latro. 2 Qui autem intrat per ostium, pastor est ovium. 3 Huic ostiarius aperit, et oves vocem ejus audiunt, et proprias ovas vocat nominatim, et educit eas. 4 Et cum proprias oves emiserit, ante eas vadit: et oves illum sequuntur, quia sciunt vocem ejus. 5 Alienum autem non sequuntur, sed fugiunt ab eo: quia non noverunt vocem alienorum. 6 Hoc proverbium dixit eis Jesus: illi autem non cognoverunt quid loqueretur eis. 7 Dixit ergo eis iterum Jesus: Amen, amen dico vobis, quia ego sum ostium ovium. 8 Omnes quotquot venerunt, fures sunt, et latrones, et non audierunt eos oves. 9 Ego sum ostium. Per me si quis introierit, salvabitur: et ingredietur, et egredietur, et pascua inveniet. 10 Fur non venit nisi ut furetur, et mactet, et perdat. Ego veni ut vitam habeant, et abundantius habeant.

Amen, amen I say to you: He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up another way, the same is a thief and a robber. [2] But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. [3] To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out. [4] And when he hath let out his own sheep, he goeth before them: and the sheep follow him, because they know his voice. [5] But a stranger they follow not, but fly from him, because they know not the voice of strangers.[6] This proverb Jesus spoke to them. But they understood not what he spoke to them. [7] Jesus therefore said to them again: Amen, amen I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. [8] All others, as many as have come, are thieves and robbers: and the sheep heard them not. [9] I am the door. By me, if any man enter in, he shall be saved: and he shall go in, and go out, and shall find pastures. [10] The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I am come that they may have life, and may have it more abundantly.

Monday, 16 May 2016

Whit Monday - St John 3: 16-21

This week is the Octave of Pentecost in the traditional calendar, and each day has its own Gospel.

In the pre-1962 Office, Monday and Tuesday had three Nocturns: Acts 19 1-12 for the first Nocturn today; a homily of St Augustine for Nocturn II (available at Divinum Officium, albeit divided into three readings rather than four); the third Nocturn readings are the same as for the current Office, set out below, but split into four readings).

Matins readings (from St Augustine)

Reading 1: The Physician cometh that, as often as in him lieth, he may heal the sick man. He is his own destroyer who will not keep the commandments of the Physician. Into the world came the Saviour. Why is He called the Saviour of the world but because He came "into the world not to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved"? If thou willest not be saved through Him, thou wilt be condemned of thyself. And why say I that thou wilt be condemned Because it is written " He that believeth in Him is not condemned." What then canst thou hope that He will say of " him that believeth not," but that He will be condemned And indeed He doth say farther " He that believeth not is condemned already." He is condemned already, though the condemnation be not yet openly pronounced.

R. When the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place, alleluia, and suddenly there came a sound from heaven, alleluia.* as of a mighty rushing wind, and it filled all the house, alleluia, alleluia.
V. Where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, there suddenly came upon them a sound from heaven.
R. As of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house, alleluia, alleluia.

Reading 2: He is condemned already, for " the Lord knoweth them that are His." He knoweth them for whom is laid up the crown, and likewise them that are reserved unto the fire. His eye seeth in the field of the world the distinction of the wheat and of the straw, of the and of the tares. " He that believeth not is condemned already." And why " Because he hath not believed in the Name of the Only-begotten Son of God. And this is the condemnation that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil." " Because their deeds were evil " but, my brethren, is there one man of whom God findeth that his works are good No, not one. God findeth all works to be (in themselves) bad. How then do we hear that some there be who do truth, and come to the light For these words come anon " But he that doeth truth, cometh to the light."

R. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak, as the Holy Ghost gave them utterance;* And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.
V. The Apostles spoke in divers tongues the wonderful works of God.
R. And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.
V. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost.

R. And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.

Reading 3: But the Lord saith [of such as these, who are condemned already, because they believe not in Him] " They loved darkness rather than light." And here He maketh the great point [of difference between such, and them that do the truth.] There are many who have loved their sins there are many who have confessed their sins and he that confessed and denounceth his sin, is working already with God. God denounceth thy sins, and if thou denounce them likewise, then dost thou join thyself with God in His act. The man and the sinner are two different things. God made the man, and the man made the sinner. Put away thy work, and God will save His. Thou art behoven to hate in thyself thine own work, and to love God's work. When thine own works begin to displease thee, then is it that thou beginnest to do well, because thou denouncest thine own evil works. The first thing to do, if thou wouldest do good works, is to acknowledge thine evil ones.

R. Henceforth I call you not servants, but I have called you My friends, because ye have known all things, whatsoever I have done among you. Alleluia.
* Receive ye the Holy Ghost, Who is your Comforter within you; the Same is He Whom the Father will send unto you. Alleluia.
V. Ye are My friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you.

R. Receive ye the Holy Ghost Who is your Comforter within you; the Same is He Whom the Father will send unto you. Alleluia.


Today's Gospel is St John 3:16-21:

16 Sic enim Deus dilexit mundum, ut Filium suum unigenitum daret: ut omnis qui credit in eum, non pereat, sed habeat vitam æternam. 17 Non enim misit Deus Filium suum in mundum, ut judicet mundum, sed ut salvetur mundus per ipsum. 18 Qui credit in eum, non judicatur; qui autem non credit, jam judicatus est: quia non credit in nomine unigeniti Filii Dei. 19 Hoc est autem judicium: quia lux venit in mundum, et dilexerunt homines magis tenebras quam lucem: erant enim eorum mala opera. 20 Omnis enim qui male agit, odit lucem, et non venit ad lucem, ut non arguantur opera ejus: 21 qui autem facit veritatem, venit ad lucem, ut manifestentur opera ejus, quia in Deo sunt facta.

For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting. [17] For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him. [18] He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God. [19] And this is the judgment: because the light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than the light: for their works were evil. [20] For every one that doth evil hateth the light, and cometh not to the light, that his works may not be reproved.[21] But he that doth truth, cometh to the light, that his works may be made manifest, because they are done in God.

Sunday, 15 May 2016

Pentecost Sunday


Nocturn I (Acts 2:1-3; 6-11; 12-15; 16-21

Reading 1: And when the days of the Pentecost were accomplished, they were all together in one place:  And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a mighty wind coming, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them parted tongues as it were of fire, and it sat upon every one of them:

R. When the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place, alleluia, and suddenly there came a sound from heaven, alleluia.
* as of a mighty rushing wind, and it filled all the house, alleluia, alleluia.
V. Where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, there suddenly came upon them a sound from heaven.
R. As of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house, alleluia, alleluia.

Reading 2: And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they began to speak with divers tongues, according as the Holy Ghost gave them to speak. Now there were dwelling at Jerusalem, Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. And when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded in mind, because that every man heard them speak in his own tongue.  And they were all amazed, and wondered, saying: Behold, are not all these, that speak, Galileans? And how have we heard, every man our own tongue wherein we were born? Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and inhabitants of Mesopotamia, Judea, and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia, Egypt, and the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome,
 Jews also, and proselytes, Cretes, and Arabians: we have heard them speak in our own tongues the wonderful works of God.

R. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak, as the Holy Ghost gave them utterance;
* And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.
V. The Apostles spoke in divers tongues the wonderful works of God.
R. And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.
V. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost.
R. And the multitude came together, saying: Alleluia.

Reading 3: And they were all astonished, and wondered, saying one to another: What meaneth this?  But others mocking, said: These men are full of new wine. But Peter standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and spoke to them: Ye men of Judea, and all you that dwell in Jerusalem, be this known to you, and with your ears receive my words.  For these are not drunk, as you suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day:

R. Henceforth I call you not servants, but I have called you My friends, because ye have known all things, whatsoever I have done among you. Alleluia.
* Receive ye the Holy Ghost, Who is your Comforter within you; the Same is He Whom the Father will send unto you. Alleluia.
V. Ye are My friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you.
R. Receive ye the Holy Ghost Who is your Comforter within you; the Same is He Whom the Father will send unto you. Alleluia.

Reading 4:  But this is that which was spoken of by the prophet Joel:  And it shall come to pass, in the last days, (saith the Lord,) I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams.  And upon my servants indeed, and upon my handmaids will I pour out in those days of my spirit, and they shall prophesy.  And I will shew wonders in the heaven above, and signs on the earth beneath: blood and fire, and vapour of smoke. The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and manifest day of the Lord come.And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord, shall be saved.

R. The Holy Ghost, Which proceedeth from the Throne, entered unseen into the hearts of the Apostles, with a new token of sanctification, even
* That all manner of tongues should spring to their lips. Alleluia.
V. The fire of God fell, not to burn them, but to enlighten them, and gave them gifts of grace.
R. That all manner of tongues should spring to their lips. Alleluia.
V. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost.
R. That all manner of tongues should spring to their lips. Alleluia.

Nocturn II. Leo the Great - Sermon 1 on Pentecost. Ch. 1

Reading 5: Dearly beloved, all Catholics know in their hearts that Pentecost is to be esteemed as one of the most important festivals. There is no question but that we owe great reverence to that day which the Holy Spirit has sanctified by his most excellent and wondrous Gift.

R. There appeared  unto the Apostles cloven tongues like as of fire, alleluia:
* And the Holy Ghost rested upon each one of them, alleluia, alleluia.
V. And they began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
R. And the Holy Ghost rested upon each one of them, alleluia, alleluia.

Reading 6: For this is the tenth day since the Lord ascended high above all heavens to sit down at the right hand of God the Father, and it is the fiftieth since his Resurrection, whereon the Lord initiated and made manifest mighty mysteries, binding together the old and the new covenants: thereby plainly revealing that grace was foreshadowed by the law, and that law has been perfected by grace.

R. The Apostles did speak with other tongues the wonderful works of God,* As the Spirit gave them utterance, alleluia.
V. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak.
R. As the Spirit gave them utterance, alleluia.

Reading 7:  For as of old, when the Hebrews had been freed from the yoke of the Egyptians, the Law was given on Mount Sinai on the fiftieth day after the scacrifice of the Passover Lamb; so after the Passion when the true Lamb of god was slain, the Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and upon the company of believers on the fiftieth day after his resurrection, in order that the faithful Christian might truly perceive that the mysteries of the Old Testament provide the foundations of the Gospel, and that the second Covenant was established by the same Spirit which had instituted the first.

R. The Lord taught them good judgment and knowledge Alleluia. He established in them the grace of His Spirit
* And filled their hearts with understanding. Alleluia.
V. For with a sudden sound the Holy Ghost came upon them
R. And filled their hearts with understanding. Alleluia.

Reading 8: From this day, therefore the preaching of the Gospel hath sounded forth like a trumpet; from this day the gentle rain of the gifts of the Spirit, the rivers of blessings, have watered all the dry and thirsty desert: for the Spirit of the Lord moved upon the face of the waters, that he might renew the face of the earth.; the new flames shone forth to chase away the old darkness with the brilliancy of fiery tongues and the clarity of the Word of God; flaming eloquence is conceived, from which proceeds understanding and the doing away of sins, through the Spirit's power of consuming and enlightening as by fire.

R. Go ye into the whole world and preach the Gospel, alleluia:
* He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, alleluia,alleluia, alleluia.
V. In my name shallt hey cast out devils; they shall speak with tongues" they shall take up serpents.
R. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, alleluia,alleluia, alleluia.
V. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost.
R. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, alleluia,alleluia, alleluia.

Nocturn III (from St Gregory the Great)

Reading 9: Dearly beloved brethren, our best way will be to run briefly through the words which have been read from the Holy Gospel, and thereafter rest for a while quietly gazing upon the solemn subject of this great Festival. This is the day whereon "suddenly there came a sound from heaven," and the Holy Ghost descended upon the Apostles, and, for fleshly minds, gave them minds wherein the love of God was shed abroad and, while without "there appeared unto them cloven tongues, like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them," within, their hearts were enkindled. While they received the visible presence of God in the form of fire, the flames of His love enwrapped them. The Holy Ghost Himself is love whence it is that John saith "God is love."

R. The Holy Ghost, Which proceedeth from the Throne, entered unseen into the hearts of the Apostles, with a new token of sanctification, even
* That all manner of tongues should spring to their lips. Alleluia.
V. The fire of God fell, not to burn them, but to enlighten them, and gave them gifts of grace.
R. That all manner of tongues should spring to their lips. Alleluia.

Reading 10: Whosoever therefore loveth God with all his soul, already hath obtained Him Whom he loveth for no man is able to love God, if He have not gained Him Whom he loveth.  But, behold, now, if I shall ask any one of you whether he loveth God, he will answer with all boldness and quietness of spirit "I do love him." But at the very beginning of this day's Lesson from the Gospel, ye have heard what the Truth saith " If a man love Me, he will keep My word." The test, then, of love, is whether it is showed by works. Hence the same John hath said in his Epistle "If a man say, I love God, and keepeth not His commandments, He is a liar."

R. The Holy Ghost filled all the house where the Apostles were and there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
* And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak in divers tongues as the Holy Spirit gave them utterance. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. When the disciples were all with one accord in one place, for fear of the Jews, suddenly there came a sound from heaven upon them.
R. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak in divers tongues as the Holy Spirit gave them utterance. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia.

Reading 11: Then do we indeed love God, and keep His commandments, if we deny ourselves the gratification of our appetites. Whosoever still wandereth after unlawful desires, such an one plainly loveth not God, for he saith, Nay, to that which God willeth.And My Father will love him, and We will come unto him, and make Our abode with him." O my dearly beloved brethren, think what a dignity is that, to have God abiding as a guest in our heart Surely if some rich man or some powerful friend were to come into our house, we would hasten to have our whole house cleaned, lest, perchance, when he came in, he should see aught to displease his eye.

R. Ye have not chosen Me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you
* That ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain. Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. As My Father hath sent Me, even so send I you.
R. That ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain. Alleluia, Alleluia.

Reading 12: So let him that would make his mind an abode for God, cleanse it from all the filth of works of iniquity. Lo, again, what saith the Truth " We will come unto him, and make Our abode with him." There are some hearts whereunto God cometh, but maketh not His abode therein with a certain pricking they feel His Presence, but in time of temptation they forget that which hath pricked them and so they turn again to work unrighteousness, even as though they had never repented.

R. The Spirit of the Lord filleth the world. *. And That Which containeth all things hath knowledge of the voice. Alleluia, Alleluia.
V. For [Wisdom] is the worker of all things, having all power, overseeing all things.
R.. And That Which containeth all things hath knowledge of the voice. Alleluia, alleluia.
V. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost.
R.. And That Which containeth all things hath knowledge of the voice. Alleluia, alleluia.

Today's Gospel is St John 14:23-31:

23 Respondit Jesus, et dixit ei: Si quis diligit me, sermonem meum servabit, et Pater meus diliget eum, et ad eum veniemus, et mansionem apud eum faciemus; 24 qui non diligit me, sermones meos non servat. Et sermonem, quem audistis, non est meus: sed ejus qui misit me, Patris.25 Hæc locutus sum vobis apud vos manens. 26 Paraclitus autem Spiritus Sanctus, quem mittet Pater in nomine meo, ille vos docebit omnia, et suggeret vobis omnia quæcumque dixero vobis.27 Pacem relinquo vobis, pacem meam do vobis: non quomodo mundus dat, ego do vobis. Non turbetur cor vestrum, neque formidet. 28 Audistis quia ego dixi vobis: Vado, et venio ad vos. Si diligeretis me, gauderetis utique, quia vado ad Patrem: quia Pater major me est. 29 Et nunc dixi vobis priusquam fiat: ut cum factum fuerit, credatis. 30 Jam non multa loquar vobiscum: venit enim princeps mundi hujus, et in me non habet quidquam. 31 Sed ut cognoscat mundus quia diligo Patrem, et sicut mandatum dedit mihi Pater, sic facio. Surgite, eamus hinc.

[23] Jesus answered, and said to him: If any one love me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him, and will make our abode with him. [24] He that loveth me not, keepeth not my words. And the word which you have heard, is not mine; but the Father' s who sent me. [25] These things have I spoken to you, abiding with you. [26] But the Paraclete, the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and bring all things to your mind, whatsoever I shall have said to you. [27] Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, do I give unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, nor let it be afraid. [28] You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I. [29] And now I have told you before it comes to pass: that when it shall come to pass, you may believe. [30] I will not now speak many things with you. For the prince of this world cometh, and in me he hath not any thing [31] But that the world may know, that I love the Father: and as the Father hath given me commandment, so do I: Arise, let us go hence.