|c11th, Codex Aureus Epternacensis|
This Sunday's Gospel is St Matthew 20:1-16, the parable of the labourers in the vineyard.
1 Simile est regnum cælorum homini patrifamilias, qui exiit primo mane conducere operarios in vineam suam. 2 Conventione autem facta cum operariis ex denario diurno, misit eos in vineam suam. 3 Et egressus circa horam tertiam, vidit alios stantes in foro otiosos, 4 et dixit illis: Ite et vos in vineam meam, et quod justum fuerit dabo vobis. 5 Illi autem abierunt. Iterum autem exiit circa sextam et nonam horam: et fecit similiter. 6 Circa undecimam vero exiit, et invenit alios stantes, et dicit illis: Quid hic statis tota die otiosi? 7 Dicunt ei: Quia nemo nos conduxit. Dicit illis: Ite et vos in vineam meam.8 Cum sero autem factum esset, dicit dominus vineæ procuratori suo: Voca operarios, et redde illis mercedem incipiens a novissimis usque ad primos. 9 Cum venissent ergo qui circa undecimam horam venerant, acceperunt singulos denarios. 10 Venientes autem et primi, arbitrati sunt quod plus essent accepturi: acceperunt autem et ipsi singulos denarios. 11 Et accipientes murmurabant adversus patremfamilias, 12 dicentes: Hi novissimi una hora fecerunt, et pares illos nobis fecisti, qui portavimus pondus diei, et æstus. 13 At ille respondens uni eorum, dixit: Amice, non facio tibi injuriam: nonne ex denario convenisti mecum? 14 Tolle quod tuum est, et vade: volo autem et huic novissimo dare sicut et tibi. 15 Aut non licet mihi quod volo, facere? an oculus tuus nequam est, quia ego bonus sum? 16 Sic erunt novissimi primi, et primi novissimi. Multi enim sunt vocati, pauci vero electi.
And from the Douay-Rheims:
1] The kingdom of heaven is like to an householder, who went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.  And having agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.  And going out about the third hour, he saw others standing in the market place idle.  And he said to them: Go you also into my vineyard, and I will give you what shall be just.  And they went their way. And again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did in like manner. But about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing, and he saith to them: Why stand you here all the day idle?  They say to him: Because no man hath hired us. He saith to them: Go you also into my vineyard.  And when evening was come, the lord of the vineyard saith to his steward: Call the labourers and pay them their hire, beginning from the last even to the first.  When therefore they were come, that came about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.  But when the first also came, they thought that they should receive more: and they also received every man a penny. And receiving it they murmured against the master of the house,  Saying: These last have worked but one hour, and thou hast made them equal to us, that have borne the burden of the day and the heats.  But he answering said to one of them: Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst thou not agree with me for a penny?  Take what is thine, and go thy way: I will also give to this last even as to thee.  Or, is it not lawful for me to do what I will? is thy eye evil, because I am good? So shall the last be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few chosen.
The Matins readings on this for Sunday are from St Gregory the Great:
(Reading 9): We hear that the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning, to hire labourers into his vineyard. Who indeed is more justly to be likened to an householder than our Maker, Who is the Head of the household of faith, bearing rule over them whom He hath made, and being Master of His chosen ones in the world, as a Master over those that are in his house? He it is That hath the Church for a vineyard, a vineyard that ceaseth not to bring forth branches of the True Vine, from righteous Abel to the last of the elect that shall be born in the world.
(Reading 10):This householder, then, for the cultivation of his vineyard, goeth out early in the morning, and at the third hour, and the sixth hour, and the ninth hour, and the eleventh hour, to hire labourers into his vineyard. Thus the Lord, from the beginning to the end of the world, ceaseth not to gather together preachers for the instruction of His faithful people. The early morning of the world was from Adam until Noah; the third hour from Noah until Abraham; the sixth hour from Abraham until Moses; the ninth hour from Moses until the coming of the Lord; the eleventh hour from the coming of the Lord until the end of the world. At this eleventh hour are sent forth as preachers the Holy Apostles, who have received full wages, albeit they be come in late.
(Reading 11): Nor the cultivation of His vineyard, (that is, the instruction of His people,) the Lord hath never ceased to send into it labourers. First, by the Fathers, then, by the Prophets and Teachers of the Law, and lastly, by the Apostles He hath dressed and tended the lives of His people, as the owner of a vineyard dresseth and tendeth it by means of workmen. Whoever in whatever degree joined to a right faith the teaching of righteousness, was so far one of God's labourers in God's vineyard.
(Reading 12): By the labourers at early morning, and at the third hour, the sixth hour, and the ninth hour, may be understood God's ancient people, the Hebrews, who strove to worship Him with a right faith in company with His chosen ones from the very beginning of the world, and thus continually laboured in His vineyard. And now, at the eleventh hour, it is said unto the Gentiles also Why stand ye here all the day idle?